The man behind the plan – Alexandr Dugin
Although the EU can be accused of being naive and the US can be accused of inciting the revolution, Russia’s plan for Ukraine was already prepared ahead.
Foreign Affairs called it: Putin’s Brain – Alexander Dugin and the Philosophy Behind Putin’s Invasion of Crimea
Little Green Men
While Belgian politician and European Parliament member Guy Verhofstadt was speaking to protesters at Maidan Square in February 2014, after leaked tapes already showed US political involvement and Victoria Nulands opinion on the EU came out, so called “Little Green Men” started to appear in Crimea.
These heavilly armed Little Green Men were later confirmed to be Russian soldiers:
On April 17 president Putin admitted for the first time publicly that Russian troops were involved in the events of Crimea, for the purposes of protecting local people. (Wikipedia)
In April, the city of Sloviansk in northern Donetsk Oblast was abruptly seized by anti-government rebels. The insurgency spread, and within weeks, the Donetsk People’s Republic and later the Lugansk People’s Republic in neighboring Lugansk Oblast were declared.
At the beginning of the insurgency, the prime ministers of Donetsk People’s Republic and Luhansk were Russian citizens; they were succeeded by Ukrainian citizens by August (Wikipeda)
Prime ministers were: Alexander Borodai for Donetsk and Valery Bolotov for Luhansk.
On 2 May 2014, as part of the rising unrest in Ukraine in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, clashes between pro-Ukrainian and pro-Russian groups broke out in multiple in the streets of Odessa. In total, forty-three people died in one day as a result of the clashes. (Wikipedia)
Despite clashes, Odessa never fell into pro-Russian hands.
Author Christian Caryl noticed the term first early April while interviewing pro-Russian “Anti-Maidan” coordinator Yegor Kvasnyuk in Odessa.
“Novorossiya.” His eyes sparkled. “A population of 20 million, with industry, resources.” (Foreign Policy)
On April 17, Russian President Vladimir Putin, began using the term during his annual televised question-and-answer sessions with the nation.
“Under the tsars, this region was called Novorossiya. These territories were passed on to Ukraine in the 1920s. Why the Soviet government did that, may God judge them,” Mr Putin said. (ft)
On August 29 Putin used the term in the headline of a letter to the rebels “Russian President Vladimir Putin addressed the militia of Novorossiya.” (Pravda)
The Interpreter on the 29th of August writes that Putin used the term first (April 17) as a historical term and later (August 29) to address the pro-Russian rebels.
What is this Novorossiya? According to Wikipedia it literally means “New Russia” and looked like this circa 1897:
As can be seen in the image, Novorossiya includes Donetsk and Odessa, and connects to another pro-Russian rebel held territory called Transnistria in the west. Luhansk in the east is needed to connect to Russian infrastructure.
On September 10th Vladimir Putin even lit a church candle for the victims of the defence of Novorossia.
A late-April article by Caryl again quotes Kvasnyuk:
Apparently, Putin was not the first one to propose the return of Novorossiya; the first one to propose it was the key thinker of the Eurasianist conservative revolution, Alexander Dugin: “As early as last September, during a meeting in Russia, Dugin told us that Novorossiya, a sovereign republic, should have devoted, honest Russians to lead it to revive our Russian roots.” (Foreign Policy)
Wikipedia’s page for Alexandr Dugin reads:
Alexandr Gelyevich Dugin is a Russian philosopher and political scientist known for his fascist views.
He focuses on the restoration of the Russian Empire through the unification of Russian-speaking territories, which roughly corresponds to the former Soviet republics, such as Georgia and Ukraine, and unification with Russian-speaking territories, especially eastern Ukraine and Crimea.
He has close ties with the Kremlin and the Russian military, …
Before war broke out between Russia and Georgia in 2008, Dugin visited South Ossetia and predicted, “Our troops will occupy the Georgian capital Tbilisi, the entire country, and perhaps even Ukraine and the Crimean Peninsula, which is historically part of Russia, anyway.”
Dugin was first to write the term (in English) in an article on the Open Revolt website, on March 7, 2014 he writes:
1. We aren’t going to limit ourselves by annexing Crimea.
2. All the important is yet to come.
3. Important: The power in Novorossiya (new pro-Russian State that is in process of being created just now in the South-East of ex-Ukraine^ called also Left-Bank Ukraine) must be clean.
4. It’s time to think about what we will do in Kiev. It is is necessary to prepare a new force. Not necessarily pro-Russian. Slavic force. Anti-NATO, anti-oligarchic, really popular force.
5. For the Right-Bank Ukraine, too, there is a need to prepare a political project.
Important to note is the anti-NATO remark at point 4, something that Russian media and Putin also have been driving. The full list goes on here on Open Revolt.
A day later on the same website in a Letter to the American People on Ukraine he writes:
So in the near future there will be the creation of two (at least) independent political entities corresponding to the two identities mentioned earlier. The Western Ukraine with their pro-NATO position and at the same time a ultra-nationalist ideology and Novorossia with a pro-Russian (and pro-Eurasian) orientation (apparently without any ideology, just like Russia herself). The West of Ukraine will protest trying to keep hold over the East and South. It is impossible by democratic means so the nationalists will try to use violence. After a certain time the resistance of the East and South will grow and / or Russia will intervene.
Dugin writes all this before the April seizure of Donetsk and Luhansk by pro-Russian rebels, and before the Odessa clashes in May.
Later in March a video shows up on the Youtube account of Pavel Gubarev, who was at the time detained by Ukraine shortly after declaring himself “People’s Governor” in Donetsk.
In the YouTube video Dugin reassures Pavel’s wife Ekaterina Gubareva that “the Kremlin is resolute to fight for the independence of the South-East of Ukraine.” (by24.org)
In 2013 Dugin met with far-right publisher Manuel Ochsenreiter, who interviews Dugin frequently according to his blog.
But Manual was also observer and journalist during the Crimean referendum in Simferopol in March, and Donbass self-proclaimed people’s republics election in November:
The elections in Lugansk People’s Republic were carried out in accordance with international democratic norms, Manuel Ochsenreiter, editor-in-chief of Zuerst!, the German weekly, told TASS news agency. (RT)
Another Donbass election observer, Ladislav Zemánek, posts about it on his Facebook page.
Part of it according to Google Translate says: “The event was organised by the Russian party and is therefore obvious, who paid her.”
With a photo of him and Dugin with the description: “Night meeting with Alexander Duginem in hotel Metropol”.
It seems like Alexandr Dugin knows what is going on before anyone else and seems to have the possibility to turn his theories into practice.
On April 21, 2014 Channel One aired an interview with Alexandr Dugin by Vladimir Posner.
Dugin is quoted as having said:
“I am certain that to hold Crimea, the South-East is necessary fur us. And Crimea is necessary to retain Russia, to make it healthier, to straighten it out, to enliven it. So, today the question is South-East or death”. (24:57)
Dugin goes on to explain that there are 20 million people in the area he calls Novorossiya, which according to him is actually part of the Russian world, Russian civilisation. Because they are Russian-speaking, a majority of Russians, and people whose identity historically was formed. According to Dugin these people will be annihilated by Kiev if not protected.
Russia’s actions in Crimea and Ukraine called “Russian spring” make Russians feel that they are subjects of history.
And the more we demonstrate our care for Russians and Russian-speakers beyond the borders of Russia, the more we strengthen our society. (27:40)
Crimea was the start of gathering Russian lands, the establishment of a greater Russia. (28:26)
He explains his idea of a greater Russia, which is the Russian world, Russian civilisation, which corresponds approximately to the territory of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. Including the South Caucasus and Central Asia.
But he goes on to explain that the Russian civilisation does not have state borders.
State borders might extend further than civilizational ones, in which case we capture Poland or Finland, which are of course parts of another history, Poland and Finland. That’s a different civilization, a different history. (29:39)
Dugin’s plans don’t end with Crimea and Ukraine as the March 7 list on the Open Revolt website continues:
6. However, our revolution will not stop in Western Ukraine.
7. Europe faces a Revolution in both cases: if we, Russians, win, and if we stop somewhere under NATO pressure.
If we win, we will begin the expansion of liberational (from Americans) ideology into Europe. It is the goal of full Eurasianism – Europe from Lisbon to Vladivostok. Great Eurasian Continental Empire.
8. Now the second case, if we (God forbid) stop.
Economically Russia is in the process of establishing the Eurasian Union.
The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), also known as the Eurasian Union, is a political and economic union which was established by a treaty signed on 29 May 2014 between the leaders of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. A treaty to enlarge the EEU to Armenia was signed on October 9, 2014. The Union will officially go into effect on 1 January 2015. (Wikipedia)
The term Eurasia is not commonly used by the west, Wikipedia describes and illustrates Dugins view:
The reborn Russia, according to Dugin’s concept, is said by Charles Clover of Financial Times to be a slightly remade version of the Soviet Union with echoes of Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell, where Eurasia was one of three continent-sized super states including Eastasia and Oceania as the other two and was participating in endless war between them.
As we can see, it spans from Lisbon to Vladivostok.